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Tag Archives: Evento scientifico

Observations of astrophysical objects which cannot exist.

Recently astronomical data are accumulated, reporting discoveries of very early formed objects, such as supermassive black holes (quasars), gamma bursters, supernovae, and very bright galaxies at high redshifts. Moreover, there is an evidence to existence of starts in our Galaxy which are too old, even older than the universe. All such objects cannot be created in the frameworks of accepted scenarios of their formation. An origin of supermassive black holes observed in the centers of many (maybe all) large and some small galaxies also remains mysterious. After a review of the observations a model is presented that can explain the unusual features of the data and that, as a by product, predicts abundant cosmological antimatter, in particular almost at hand, in the Galaxy. Though the model may be rather speculative, the observed objects present serious challenge to the theory and possibly indicate that “there is something rotten in the state of the universe”.

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LNF Mini-Workshop Series: Collective Effects in Storage Rings. In honour of Theo Demma

This mini-workshop is devoted to collective effects and electron cloud studies in circular accelerators. The investigation and comprehension of collective effects is fundamental for the success of accelerators. In particular the electron cloud instability poses severe limitations to the performances of colliders or damping rings for linear colliders. These topics were deeply studied with great competence and passion by our colleague Theo Demma, who passed away a year ago. Theo was a special person and a friend for many of us and we dedicate this afternoon to his memory.

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Beyond Einstein’s Gravity: Dark Energy and Dark Matter as Curvature Effects

Extended Gravity Theories have recently attracted a lot of interest as alternative candidates to explain the observed cosmic acceleration, the flatness of the rotation curves of spiral galaxies, the gravitational potential of galaxy clusters, and other relevant astrophysical phenomena. Very likely, what we call “dark matter” and “dark energy” are nothing else but signals of the breakdown of General Relativity at large scales and could be interpreted as a sort of “curvature effect”. Furthermore, PPN-parameters deduced from Solar System experiments and strong field astrophysical phenomena (compact objects, magnetars and neutron stars) do not exclude the possibility that such theories could give other observable effects. We review these results giving the basic ingredients of such an approach.

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Bruno Touschek Memorial Lectures 2015

The Bruno Touschek Memorial Lectures (BTML) were established in 1987 to honor the life and works of Bruno Touschek (see FPS, Vol.33). The Lectures have been continued in the last few years with distinguished scientists lecturing on important innovative research topics and historical perspectives. This year the Lectures will be dedicated to Cosmology and Dark Matter with Joseph Silk talking about: "Where next for  the Cosmic Microwave Background: to B or not to B"; and Gianfranco Bertone talking about: "Identifying Dark Matter with Astroparticle Experiments and the LHC". The event will be held on December 10th 2015, in Aula Bruno Touschek starting at 10:00. In the afternoon, Professor Roberto Battiston, President of the Italian Space Agency, will give a colloquium on Space Science, addressed to the general public

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Dark Portals: from simplified models to motivated theoretical embeddings

The main Features of the phenomenology of WIMP dark matter candidates, as well a broad range of related processes testable at collider, can be described by simple Extension of the Standard Model by a DM candidate and a mediator of its interactions. I will show, mainly focusing on the case of fermionic DM with spin 1 mediator, how combining constraints from different dark matter search strategies can provide hints on the structure of These theories. I will also discuss possible theoretical embeddings of These simplified Setups and how current constraints and future Signals can be used to discriminate different theoretical Frameworks.

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Tetraquarks, pentaquarks and dibaryons

The discovery of two pentaquarks by LHCb has reinforced the case of “exotic’ hadrons, which have diquarks and antidiquarks as basic units. I review the cases studied until now, the so called XYZ states, the theoretical basis for this concept and the implications for the existence of further states, with baryon number equal two.

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4th LNF Workshop on Cylindrical GEM Detectors

This meeting continues the series of workshops on the Cylindrical GEM detectors, held in the Frascati Laboratory of INFN. We are indebted to INFN, IHEP, USTC and MAECI (the Italian Ministry for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation) for jointly contributing funding to this meeting, in the cadre of the 3-year Program of Great Relevance PGR00136, Italy-China 2013-2015.

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