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B-decay discrepancies: Where we stand after Moriond 2019

A whole set of B-decay data display persistent deviations with respect to the Standard Model (SM). Specifically, data hint at new effects in semi-leptonic interactions involving the b -> s and b -> c currents. Interestingly, the pattern of discrepancies after the recent Run-2 updates suggest well-defined effective-field theory (EFT) scenarios where the two sets of discrepancies, b -> s and b -> c, are related. In turn, such EFT picture finds a quantitative realization within well-defined UV-complete scenarios. I will provide a review of the whole subject, from data to the EFT picture to UV models.  

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Quantum Optical Control of Levitated Solids: a novel probe for the gravity-quantum interface

The increasing level of control over motional quantum states of massive, solid-state mechanical devices opens the door to an hitherto unexplored parameter regime of macroscopic quantum physics. I will report on our recent progress towards controlling levitated solids in the quantum regime. I will discuss the prospects of using these systems for fundamental tests of physics, including the interface between quantum and gravitational physics.

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Global fits to b → cτν transitions

We perform a general model-independent analysis of b → cτντ transitions, including measurements of RD , RD∗ , their q2 differential distributions, the recently measured longitudinal D∗ polarization FD∗, and constraints from the Bc → τντ lifetime, each L of which has significant impact on the fit. A global fit to a general set of Wilson coefficients of an effective low-energy Hamiltonian is presented, the solutions of which are interpreted in terms of hypothetical new-physics mediators. From the obtained results we predict selected b → cτντ observables, such as the baryonic transition Λb → Λcτντ, the ratio RJ/ψ, the forward-backward asymmetries AD(∗), FB the τ polarization asymmetries PD(∗) , and the longitudinal D∗ polarization fraction τ F D∗ . The latter shows presently a slight tension with any new-physics model, such L that an improved measurement could have an important impact.  

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Some new ideas in Leptogenesis and Dark Matter studies

Type-1 seesaw is the simplest extension of the Standard Model (SM) that explains light neutrino masses and baryon asymmetry of the universe (BAU) via leptogenesis. In the first part of this talk, I shall discuss how different seesaw models can be visualised graphically and how a fine-tuning in the seesaw formula can be related to a Lorentz boost in the flavour space. I shall discuss a new parametrization of standard Casas-Ibarra orthogonal matrix and show how this new parametrisation is more useful in leptogenesis studies, particularly in SO (10) models. In the second part, I will show that an additional right handed (RH) neutrino could be a DM candidate in the two RH neutrino seesaw model if one considers the new one interacts with the other two with an effective dimension 5 operator induced by SM Higgs. This operator creates a temperature dependent matter potential and therefore the DM (the new RH neutrino) is produced from RH neutrino oscillation due to MSW-like matter effect even if the scale of new physics is post-Planckian. The operator responsible for DM production also causes the DM decay (to light neutrinos) and makes the scenario testable at neutrino telescopes such as IceCube.

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Daya Bay and JUNO Reactor Neutrino Experiments in China

Neutrino mass, shown by neutrino mixing and oscillation, is currently the only sign of new physics beyond the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics. In the completion of the three neutrino mixing angles, the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment played a crucial and pioneering role in the measurement of the lastly known mixing angle θ13. Despite all the progresses in the last two decades in neutrino physics, we still only know the two mass-squared differences about neutrino mass, neither their absolute values nor the mass ordering. Due to the challenges in measuring the absolute masses, the neutrino mass ordering (NMO) is very likely to be the first experimental handle we could have on physics related to neutrino mass. With the success of the Daya Bay experiment and its contemporaries, it is now possible to resolve NMO using reactor neutrinos. Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO) was proposed to take the advantage of this principle to resolve NMO. In this talk, we will give a general review on neutrino physics, the discovery of neutrino oscillation and its recent experimental progresses, with the focus on Daya Bay and JUNO in China.

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The Belle II experiment at SuperKEKB

The Belle II experiment follows the path defined by the Belle and BaBar experiments, both of which started taking data about 20 years ago at the B-factories KEKB (Tsukuba, Japan) and PEP-II (SLAC, USA), respectively. Until now all measurements performed at B-factories are in agreement with the Standard Model; nowadays, however, there is compelling evidence for New Physics beyond the Standard Model from various sources. For this reason KEK has decided to upgrade the existing KEKB accelerator to deliver a 40 times higher peak luminosity which will allow to record a data sample 50 times larger with respect to its predecessor Belle. With such a data set, Belle II will be able to measure the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix with unprecedented precision and explore flavor physics in the beauty, charm and tau sectors. Belle II has also a unique capability, thanks to a new specialized trigger, to search for low-mass New Physics candidates. The Belle II experiment has recently started its data taking at the Upsilon(4S) resonance, and has recorded a data sample of about 6/fb of e+e- collisions. In this seminar, we will review the Belle II detector, the results of the first run and the physics prospects.

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XLS Injector Road Map (Wp3-Wp6-Wp2 Joint Meeting)

The goal of the meeting will be to discuss the current XLS injector designs and to establish an effective Injector Road Map for the preparation of the XLS CDR, identifying the options able to fulfill the XLS FEL requirements. All the injector designs developed so far  (S-C-X RF guns and DC gun)  will be compared in terms of capability to fulfill the target injector parameters at 300 MeV (at low and high repetition rates) as predicted by beam dynamics simulations. The Technology  Readiness Level (TRL) will be also considered. The meeting is foreseen to last 2.5 days. It will take place in FRASCATI at the INFN-LNF laboratories from 11 am on November 13 up to 1 pm of November 15.    

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Mimic Nature, seeking for intelligent engineering system

People have always been inspired by nature. Today we call biomimetic a kind of reverse engineering process of emulating natural time-tested (by evolution) patterns and strategies, incorporating solutions from the living world in products and solutions for all industries. Thus, biomimetic is the process of taking the solutions that exist in nature, mimicking them and applying them to technology. The talk focuses on the concept of biomimetic, describing how nature provides inspiration to scientists with some examples of applications that are used in everyday life, and my personal tentative of emulating nature lesson for developing intelligent (not only smart) engineering systems.

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Primordial Black Holes and Gravitational Waves

We will discuss some aspects of primordial black holes, such as how they may form in the early universe, why they may compose all dark matter, and how the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) will be able to detect the associated gravitational waves. 

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