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Characterising signals of new physics at the LHC”

If any excess is observed at the LHC, it is crucial to identify as many properties of the new states as possible in order to embed them into models, or classes of models, of new physics and possibly rule out other scenarios. In this respect, focusing on a number of selected signatures, I will discuss perspectives about the characterisation of the spin of Dark Matter and the properties of new fermions with vector-like nature.

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Quantum Complex Matter 2018

Quantum Complex Matter Rome – Frascati National Laboratory, June, 11-15 2018 (arrival day: June 10th ; departure day: June 16th)   Chairpersons Antonio Bianconi (RICMASS), Augusto Marcelli (LNF-INFN), Tomo Uemura (Columbia University)   Scientific Advisory Committee Gabriel Aeppli, Piers Coleman, Andrea Cavalleri, Andrei Chubukov, Seamus Davis, Albert Fert, Atushi Fujimori, Philip Kim, Gabi Kotliar, Masatoshi Imada, Yoshihiro Iwasa, Alessandra Lanzara, Sadamichi Maekawa, Giancarlo Strinati, Kees van der Beek, Valerii Vinokur, Xiao Dong Xu, Qikun Xue   International QCM2018 Conference joint with QCM2018 School QCM2018 will highlight recent advances in all major fields in quantum phenomena in complex condensed matter. This is a multi-purpose meeting of activities based on the Frontiers of Condensed Matter Physics (FCMP) lecture courses and selected topics of Superstripes conferences. Invited and leading contributed papers will focus on research sub-fields of correlated electron systems (superconductivity and magnetism, Mott transition, quantum criticality, multi-band Hubbard model, Lifshitz transitions), nano science (graphene, TMDC, QHE, topological and 2-d materials, Fano resonances), spintronics (Skyrmions, itinerant electron magnetism, spin current, magnetic memory), cold atoms (Hubbard Model, Feshbach Resonances, BEC-BCS crossover) and complex systems (Nanoscale phase separation) to promote discussions and collaboration among researchers of different sub-fields. The QCM 2018 conference is integrated with QCM 2018 School with Educational Courses for students and young researchers. The lecture contents of the course will be announced later. All invited speakers and participants are kindly invited and urged to register at the web-site at earliest convenience. The topics of interest, can be found on the web site. Full-text papers ...

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Design of the Diagnostic Stations for the ELI-NP Compton Gamma Source

A high brightness electron Linac is being built in the Compton Gamma Source at the ELI Nuclear Physics facility in Romania. To achieve the design luminosity, a train of 32 bunches, 16 ns spaced, with a nominal charge of 250 pC will collide with the laser beam in the interaction point. Electron beam spot size is measured with optical transition radiation (OTR) profile monitors. Furthermore, OTR angular distribution strongly depends on beam energy. Since OTR screens are typically placed in several positions along the Linac to monitor beam envelope, one may perform a distributed energy measurement along the machine. This will be useful, for instance, during the commissioning phase of the GBS in order to verify the correct functionality of the C-Band accelerating structures, due to the fact that there are OTR screens after each accelerating module. This talk deals with the studies of different optic configurations to achieve the field of view, resolution and accuracy in order to measure the energy of the beam. Several configurations of the optical detection line will be studied with simulation tools (e.g. Zemax)

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The quest for dark sectors

Dark sectors are ubiquitous in physics beyond the Standard Model (SM), and may play a role in explaining many of the long-standing problems of the SM such as the existence of dark matter or the electroweak hierarchy problem. By definition, dark sectors are not charged under any of the known forces. Discovering their possible existence is thus challenging. I will describe how a a broad program combining particle, nuclear and atomic physics experiments can effectively probe a large region of the parameter space. I will show how the unique signatures of such physics can already be searched for with existing/planned experiments, including neutrino-proton fixed-target experiments and precision atomic measurements.

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Hydrodynamic simulations of a capillary plasma discharge

Active plasma lenses are promising technologies for the focusing of high brightness electron beams due to their radially symmetric focusing and their high field gradients (up to several kT/m). However, in a number of experimental situations, the transverse non-uniformity of the current density flowing in the lens causes beam emittance growth and increases the minimum achievable spot size. To study the physics of the capillary discharge processes employed as active plasma lenses, we developed a 2-D hydrodynamic computational model. Here, we present preliminary simulation results and we compare the computed magnetic field profile with one from literature, which has been experimentally inferred. The result of the comparison is discussed.

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Study of multiplicity evolution of charge dependent 3 particle correlation to probe jet-medium interaction in small collision systems

We present a unique way to detect the jet-medium interaction in p+Pb collisions at 5.02 TeV using 3 particle correlation (C112) observable constructed with particles from low and intermediate pT (0.5 < pT < 10 GeV/c) region. In case of small collision systems, the intrinsic momentum scale of the low energy jets is comparable to the characteristic scale of the medium and therefore have a larger probability of interaction with the medium. The short range of the 3 particle correlation is dominated by the jet like correlation and has a unique charge dependence as observed in the minimum bias p+Au collisions at the RHIC energy. The similar effect has been observed in EPOS in the lower multiplicity classes of p+Pb collisions where jet fragmentation plays the dominant role. Interestingly, the charge dependence of the C112 gets diminished in the higher multiplicity classes of p+Pb collisions where the jet-medium interplay may have significant contribution. The results from EPOS and AMPT and JEWEL will be presented for both p+Pb and Pb+Pb collisions at the LHC energies. The effectiveness of this observable as a probe to study jet-medium interaction in small collision systems will also be discussed.

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Jet physics at forward-rapidity in heavy-ion collisions

Jet physics plays an essential role in understanding the nuclear structure at short distance and properties of the hot and dense QCD matter in heavy-ion collisions. The forward rapidity in experiments such as LHCb provide a window for furthering these studies in a difference regime of energy and density. In this talk, I will discuss about jet and electroweak boson studies in p+A collisions which can help to provide constraints on parton distributions in large nuclei. I will also discuss jet quenching in the forward direction and their implication on jet tomography of hot QCD matter.

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The Neutrino Portal: sterile neutrinos, cosmology and other signatures​

I discuss scenarios in which a dark light sector couples to the Standard Model via the so-called “neutrino portal”. A generic implication of this framework is the existence of gauge-singlet fermions (sterile neutrinos) that act as messengers between the dark sector and the active neutrinos. I show under which conditions cosmological constraints become inefficient and discuss what new phenomena neutrino oscillation​ experiments may be able to observe.

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Plasma sources for plasma-based acceleration experiments

New generation of particle accelerators is based on the excitation of large amplitude plasma waves driven by either electron or laser beams, named as Plasma Wakefield Accelerator (PWFA) and Laser Wakefield Accelerator (LWFA), respectively. The amplitude of the waves, as well as their spatial dimensions and the consequent accelerating gradient depend strongly on the local plasma electron density whose shaping is mandatory for ensuring the correct acceleration and manipulation of the electron beams. This presentation will summarize the study on the plasma sources for both these acceleration schemes that will be implemented in the SPARC_LAB test facility.

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LNF & Studenti Universitari

Quest’anno i Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati (LNF) dell’INFN desiderano proporre un incontro con gli studenti universitari in procinto di chiedere una tesi magistrale, per illustrare il programma scientifico e tecnologico dei laboratori e per proporre occasioni di attivita’ di ricerca all’interno di un gruppo sperimentale. I LNF sono protagonisti nello sviluppo di nuove macchine acceleratrici ma anche nella realizzazione di rivelatori, dai tubi a streamer, alla grande camera a deriva dell’esperimento KLOE, ai più recenti rivelatori a MPGD (Micro Pattern Gas Detectors), etc. Inoltre, la comunità scientifica dei LNF è impegnata in diverse collaborazioni internazionali al CERN di Ginevra, negli Stati Uniti, in Giappone, in Cina e negli altri laboratori dell’INFN. La presenza di un programma di ricerca scientifica e tecnologica di altissima qualità rende i nostri Laboratori un’ottima scuola per formare le nuove generazioni alla ricerca.    

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